to make sense of words on the page, to reading to learn, which means that they are reading these fact-filled books about the solar system, native americans, the civil war. they're learning from what they're reading. if at that point they haven't been able to make the leap to fast, fluent reading, they're not going to be amassing the knowledge, that background knowledge that their classmates are getting and they're not going to be learning new words from context. so it's going to become ever harder to read proficiently, to learn from what you're reading. that's the rich get richer idea. that the more you know, the more you can know. >> it is it's not just additive. it's not just like, oh, you can go back and pick up that step, it's all of these other steps lay on top of it. what i wanted to ask in part about that because i really went berserk reading all the reports last night and what that might mean, apparently in response to this, some folks are saying, therefore, if you don't hit that third grade proficiency mark, hold the kids back. keep them back another year.